Ochlandra travancorica


Ochlandra travancorica

Local Names

Etta, Oda  (Kerala)

Eeral (Tamil Nadu)

Konda (Karnataka)


Mats, baskets , flutes, paper, Bamboo ply, handicrafts


Culm length: 2-6 m

Culm  diameter: 2.5-5 cm

Internode length: 45-60 cm

Wall thickness: Thin walled,thicker at lower part of culms

Distribution: Species grows in wild in  Kerala and parts of   Tamil Nadu and Karnataka

Recommended for cultivation in the following site conditions:

Altitude: In the plains and foot hills.

Soil type: Dark brown, acidic, sandy loam with granular structure.The species thrives well in soils with high porosity, good aggregate stability and high water holding capacity.

Climatic conditions: It prefers tropical climates. It is a moisture loving species and responds well to irrigation

Planting material: Seedlings and  vegetatively propagated propagules ( the planting stock) will be available and one year old planting stock should be preferred and procured from NBM recognized nurseries or NBM high tech nurseries for out planting.

Availability : KFRI, Peechi, JNTBGRI, Palode, Trivandrum, Uravu, Wyanad

Planting procedure:

Season of planting. Planting during the pre monsoon showers or prior to active monsoon.

Pre planting operations.Demarcation / fencing to be completed at least three months prior to planting. Weeding, at least 15 days prior to planting.

Pit size & treatment.45 X 45 X 45 cm cubical pits, to be half filled and kept exposed to sun for top soil sterilization for about a month.

Planting. Along with the pre monsoon showers/prior to active monsoon the pits are completely filled and planted with one year old planting stock. The filled up soil to be compacted around the plant.

Spacing.Spacing of 6 X 6 m is ideal if grown for timber.The species is a very strong soil binder when planted in closer spacing of 3 X 3 m along canal/stream/river banks for soil stabilization.

Soil/water conservation measures: Moisture/water harvesting trenches (60cm X 45cm X 30cm) are to be dug along the interspaces in the alternate rows of planting when planted in 6 X 6 m spacing.

Management of established clumps:

Cultural practices. All dead and dying culms to be cut and removed from the third year of establishment preferably in the months of November – February.

Fertilisation. To be carried out as per the advice of an expert after testing the soil once the clumps have established. Responds well to NPK and organic fertilizers like compost, vermi-compost and dried FYM.

Irrigation. Responds well to irrigation however essential only during the first two years to ensure better establishment and quicker culm production. If grown for edible shoots watering ensures enhanced sprout production. Moisture retention through trenches should also be practiced.

Plant protection measures  If managed properly with routine pruning, thinning and cleaning, (cultural practices) Bamboo usually escapes pest infestations. Proper sanitation measures should also be adopted for the control of fungal infections.

Thinning.Regular thinning and cleaning should be carried out from the 4th year of  clump establishment. All dry, dead and drying culms are to be removed from the clump so as to  create sufficient space in the clump for new sprouts to grow up straight. As a regular practice these operations are to be carried out every year probably prior to the winter months.

Harvesting. Culms (timber) should be harvested only during non rainy months. No current year culms are to be cut. For propagation about 20 % of two year old culms can be selectively cut from all portions of the clumps which can be made use of for vegetative propagation through rooting of culm cuttings. About 60% of the 3 year old culms and almost all of the 4th year culms can be cut and removed. However it is always better to retain a few older culms in the clump to serve as support for the younger newly emerging culms.

Flowering cycle: 7-12 years

Additional information


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